It is widely believed that if you arenâ€™t innovating, you are dead. Innovation is the key to success as the market is rapidly changing and becoming increasingly competitive. There is a constant need to identify growth opportunities, increase margins and strengthen brand loyalty. Apple, Google, 3M and Amazon are the few companies known for their outstanding innovations.
Speaking at the 8th Indian Magazine Congress , Anand Kripalu, President, Diageo India & CEO- Designate, United Spirits, said, â€œInnovation is about the creation of new economic value through break-through ideas. It is where people switch to use a new product or a new practice. In the FMCG sector, there are about 15,000 recorded innovations happening each year and the success rate is just 0.2%. It is interesting to note that more than half the companies decide that an innovation is a success or failure in less than 12 months. It is surprising to look at their ability to persist behind an idea.â€
â€œOne lesson that I have learnt is that less is more and more is actually less. Companies that do lots of things actually do very little in terms of impact on the business and companies who do few things in a committed manner make a meaningful difference,â€ he added.
According to him, in innovations, you donâ€™t need to be first but you have to be right. Sony Walkman and Apple i-pod were perfect examples as they were nowhere near to being first but they perfected the idea and the system around them, thereby creating revolutionary products. Apple waited for the perfect time to crack the eco-system of i-tunes and the advent of the broadband.
Kripalu believed that innovation often happens when you connect different dots. He cited the example of Nespresso that started 40 years ago with the simple yet revolutionary idea of creating the perfect cup of espresso coffee just like the Baristas whenever and wherever one wants. In 1974, Nestle bought the design for the single serve coffee machine and spent 12 years perfecting the design and in choosing the right partners. It came up with the Nespresso triology which united the highest quality coffee, best quality machine with exclusive personalized service. Since it was a premium offering and required people with the apt skills so in 1986, Nestle, created a different strategic business unit with an independent charge of their own R&D, sourcing, production and marketing. The simple idea is a business worth more than $2 billion revenue today.
He illustrated the example of how Johnnie Walker married whisky with luxury thereby connecting dots and providing offers that people are willing to buy. According to him, this is a story of innovation through premiumization.
â€œInnovation is not just about new products but itâ€™s also about new ways of looking at things. Cadbury, that occupies 70% of the chocolate market, was facing the problem of growth in single digits in mid 2000. We came to know that Indians consume a lot of sugar products and that too in the form of â€˜mithaiâ€™. The whole positioning of â€˜Kuch meetha ho jayeâ€™ was about sourcing business from Indiaâ€™s 20,000 crore unorganized sweets business to a brand that has a turnover of less than Rs 500-crore. The campaign that followed had made the brand grow at a CAGR of 30% per annum for 8 years in a row. This happened without a new product, without any classical innovation but just by seeing through a new lens to grow the brand.â€ â€œIn this process, I also learnt that there are no mature brands but only mature brand managers,â€ he added.
He believed that ideas can come from anywhere and very often from beyond oneâ€™s own industry. The single biggest driver of consumption at the bottom of the pyramid is the cost leadership and right pricing, not poor quality.
â€œMany great ideas died not because they were bad but the management did not have the courage to persist. For every good idea, there is somebody who was passionately committed to make it happen. Hence, ideas cannot succeed on their own,â€ Kripalu said. He gave the example of how Pepsodentâ€™s Germicheck and 12-hour protection idea failed but the management and the team kept digging at the idea to find a solution. In the third re-launch, they finally succeeded when the toothpaste gave a promise to mothers that even when the child is away from the mother, the toothpaste will take care of the childâ€™s teeth.
According to him, it is also important for the management to create an innovation culture just like 3M, which allows employees to use 15% of their paid time to do what they want. It started way back in 1948 and the exercise helps in instilling creativity. Hence, companies should encourage these programs and help in flourishing ideas.
Kripalu was speaking at the 8th Indian Magazine Congress in New Delhi on winning through innovation.